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Authors: Pinto, Joséli Do Nascimento
Title: O perfil do padrão de sono dos policiais militares
Keywords: Sleep;Obstructive sleep apnea;Polysomnography;Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano;Sono;Apneia do sono tipo obstrutiva;Polissonografia
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Centro Universitário La Salle
Abstract: The military police are exposed to a variety of situations in which your mental, physical and social integrity is at risk. The military police profession is among the most stressful due to the characteristic of police work and to follow a hierarchy and discipline. Sleep and its phases is still one of the great mysteries of modern neuroscience, it is a complex behavioral state. People who do not have a sleep quality over the years, may have some sleep disorders, studies show that those who work in rotating shifts are more likely to trigger a problem by altering the circadian and homeostatic cycle. Among the sleep disorders are: insomnia, obstructive apnea, snoring, bruxism, excessive daytime sleepiness among others. Therefore, this study aims to identify the sleep pattern profile of the military police in Porto Alegre-RS. This research was conducted with military police of the First Special Operations Battalion (1ºBOE) GATE. This is a survey of cross-sectional design. The group consisted of 22 military police. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee (CEP) of the University La Salle Center – Canoas, RS after was submitted to and approved by the Commander of 1º BOE. O statistical treatment was developed by descriptive procedures (measures central tendency and dispersion) and the non-parametric Spearman correlation test. The data were entered into Excel spreadsheet and then imported to SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Version 20, p≤0,05. The researched consisted of 22 GATE military police, all male, with a median 34.6 ± 6.1 (26-46) years. Participants were: major, captain and sergeant and lieutenant soldiers. Service in the BM have a median nine years. They work 40 hours/week in BM, this group has scales from 8 am, 12/36h and 24/72h and 04 PMs are unofficial working 8am and 12h.Constata up to 8 PMs had good quality and quantity of sleep that equals one score (0-4) and 14 PMs points obtained a poor quality and quantity of sleep scoring scale at Pittsburg (5-10) points. Through the polysomnography, it was found that 06 diagnostic criteria for PMs have apnea sleep, that is an AHI>5.0 events/hour, resulting in a prevalence of 27.3%. At analyze the results of AHI and Epworth scale, it appears that the MPs who have been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea have a higher sleepiness daytime, thus impairing their performance. Considering anthropometric variables, BMI of individuals analyzed in this study, we found that 2 (9.1%) subjects were overweight, 9 (40.9%) with a high prevalence of pre-obesity, and 1 (4.5%) obesity Type Grade I. In hemodynamic variables and double product, resting blood pressure 12 (54.54%), PMs had high blood pressure. Double product 20 (90.90%) of the investigated group showed changes in the measured values, thus causing overload. Notes up myocardium 10 (45.45%) had PMs service accident. Among the officers who had some work accident in service found a higher prevalence of daytime sleepiness, poor quality of sleep and sleep apnea (p <0.05) compared to the group of police who did not report workplace accidents . There is a negative correlation between the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Domain environment of quality of life scale, the higher the score on the Epworth scale (more drowsiness), the lower the score on the scale of quality of life (worse quality of life). Similarly, there was a significant inverse correlation between the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality scale and three areas of the quality of life scale, the higher the score on the scale of Pittsburgh (poorer quality of sleep), the lower scores on quality of life scales (worse quality of life).
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Lazzarotto, Alexandre Ramos
metadata.dc.contributor.advisorco: Zanin, Rafael
Appears in Collections:Dissertação (Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano)

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