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Authors: Dick, Nídea Rita Michels
Title: A prevalência de fatores de risco coronariano em instrutores de tiro da Brigada Militar
Keywords: Risk factors;Diseases cardiovascular;Police;Saúde e desenvolvimento humano;Fatores de risco;Doenças cardiovasculares;Policiais
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Universidade La Salle
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases have been considered a major public health problem identified as responsible for a large health problems rate, leading to mortality. They have caused great demands and high costs in hospital care. Therefore, this study was intended to identify the prevalence of coronary risk factors regarding Military Brigade shooting instructors. The research was character transversal. Data were obtained as follows: structured interview, hemodynamic valuation and by laboratory tests according the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension. For data analysis, was developed by descriptive procedures (central tendency and dispersion) and the non-parametric Spearman test, considering p <0.05, an Excel spreadsheet and a statistical analysis using the SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) for Windows, version 20, were used. The group was made up of 22 military police shooting instructors, predominantly male with a median of 41 years of age. Among biochemical variables analyzed, LDL was abnormal in 17 individuals (77.27%), suggesting these health risks. Considering anthropometric variables, Body Mass Index of individuals analyzed in this study, we observed that 20 police officers (90.90%) had high prevalence of overweight, and 6 of them (27.27%) obesity type Grade I. Among hemodynamic variables and double product, resting blood pressure of nine instructors (41.0%) had high blood pressure. By double product, 19 of the investigated group (86.36%) showed changes in the measured values, thus causing overload infarction. At the level of physical activity, it was observed that nine individuals (40.40%) were insufficiently active. Only two (9.09%) individuals used to use tobacco, and fifteen (68,18%), alcohol. Thus joins to the possibility of developing a disease, situations of modifiable risk factors. In the Framingham score was found that three individuals (13.63%) were at risk of developing coronary heart disease in ten years. The correlations between variables was observed a significant association between the amount of hours a day with cholesterol with (p = 0.395), and a strong association in the amount of hours per week with Framingham score (p = 0.014). In short, the evaluated group, there was the prevalence of the following coronary risk factors: Body Mass Index 20 (90.9%), Double Product 19 (86.4%), Low Density Lipoprotein 17 (77.3%), alcohol 15 (68.9%), Blood Pressure Systemic 9 (41.0%), Physical Activity Level 9 (41.0%). The data draw attention because they mainly are related to public safety professionals, whose job duties require incessantly being prepared to meet care of ostensible street policing. The theme does not end here, which is why it is suggested future studies on the prevalence of coronary risk factors in other military police officers of the corporation.
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Lazzarotto, Alexandre Ramos
metadata.dc.contributor.advisorco: Bizani, Delmar
Appears in Collections:Dissertação (Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano)

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