Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11690/2186
Authors: Souza, Andressa de
Caumo, Wolnei
Calvetti, Prisla Ucker
Lorenzoni, Rachel Nunes
Rosa, Gisele Keller da
Lazzarotto, Alexandre Ramos
Dussan-Sarria, Jairo Alberto
Title: Comparison of pain burden and psychological factors in Brazilian women living with HIV and chronic neuropathic or nociceptive pain: an exploratory study
Keywords: Anxiety;Depression;Pain;HIV
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: PLoS ONE
Citation: SOUZA, A. et al. Comparison of pain burden and psychological factors in Brazilian women living with HIV and chronic neuropathic or nociceptive pain: an exploratory study. PLoS ONE, v. 13, n. 5, e196718, 2018. Disponível em: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0196718. Acesso em: 14 set. 2021.
Abstract: Psychological factors including pain catastrophizing and resilience associate with adjustment and quality of life in people living with chronic pain. Nevertheless, their presentation among females living with HIV and chronic pain has been poorly studied. Given that chronic pain in those living with HIV might occur due to different mechanisms (nociceptive or neuropathic), we hypothesize that the associated psychological states could also differ between these groups. We aimed to compare pain frequency and interference, psychological factors and sleep quality between females living with chronic nociceptive or neuropathic pain. Also, we explored correlations between psychological factors, pain severity and interference in females living with HIV and chronic pain. We performed a cross sectional study assessing females living with HIV and chronic pain, and compared it with a female HIV-positive, pain-free control sample in Brazil. To discriminate the most likely underlying mechanism for the chronic pain, we applied the Leeds Assessment for Neuropathic Signs and Symptoms (LANSS). Forty-nine females living with HIV and chronic pain were assessed, and divided in control (n = 12), nociceptive (n = 10) and neuropathic pain (n = 27) groups. Using validated scales, their pain catastrophizing, resilience, depression, anxiety and sleep disorders were assessed between May 2014 and August 2015. Compared to controls, females living with HIV and neuropathic chronic pain had higher pain frequency (p<0.001), interference on activities (p = 0.002), interference with emotions (p<0.001), catastrophizing (p<0.001), depression (p = 0.015), and lower resilience (p = 0.011). Catastrophizing was also significantly correlated to the burden of chronic pain. The type of chronic pain in females living with HIV should raise concerns regarding significant burden in psychological states in this population (particularly neuropathic pain). Using scales such as the LANSS to identify the type of choric pain, could be of use to address relevant issues for the patients, and to propose tailored therapies.
Appears in Collections:Artigo de Periódico (PPGSDH)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
asouza.etal.pdfOpen Access1.13 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.